Picture of new Alexandria DASH transit bus

When state budget reductions threatened to delay the City of Alexandria’s efforts to replace diesel engine transit buses with hybrid electric/diesel engine buses, the Alexandria Transit Company (ATC), which operates the City’s DASH transit system, requested and was granted funding to offset part of the incremental cost of the hybrid buses.


Table of lifetime emission reductions and fuel savings for the Alexandria VA DASH Transit Bus Replacements

 With the funding, ATC was able to replace five model year 1996 and two model year 1998 conventional diesel buses with hybrid electric/diesel buses.

MARAMA’s funding for this project was part of a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The City of Alexandria City Transportation Improvement Program Funds, VA Department of Rail and Public Transportation (DRPT), and the City’s match for DRPT provided the remaining funding.


Total cost: $3,652,621 ($913,155 grant funded)

Picture of Annapols harbor craft

In a cutting-edge application of certified technology, The City of Annapolis contracted with Metalcraft Marine, Inc. to retrofit two diesel-powered harbor craft   with hybrid electric drives with solar battery recharging. The systems operate the boats on batteries for up to three hours at speeds up to six knots without     using the diesel engine. It takes approximately three to four hours to conduct a routine harbor patrol. 

MARAMA supported this project with a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.  The 
Government of Canada provided additional funding assistance.



Table of lifetime emission reductions and diesel fuel savings for the City of Annapolis Harbor Craft Repowers

Total Cost:  $400,575 ($299,519 grant funding) 



The Statewide Biodiesel Buy Down created a fund to compensate the Virginia Port Authority’s (VPA) cargo handling operations and fleets operating in the Commonwealth of Virginia for the cost differential between biodiesel and petroleum diesel and associated fuel change costs such as the cost of the initial fuel filter change.  This project promoted the use of biodiesel by providing up to $1.00/gallon differential cost depending on the blend of biodiesel used.  Blends from 2% to 99% biodiesel were eligible under the program.


  biodiesel photo


In response to a Request for Proposals (RFP) issued to state government fleets operating in the Commonwealth of Virginia, MARAMA approved proposals from the Virginia Port Authority (VPA) and James Madison University (JMU) to reimburse the cost differential between B5 biodiesel and petroleum diesel at the Port of Virginia and between B5 and B20 biodiesel and diesel at JMU.

This project encouraged the use of cleaner and domestically produced alternative fuels by subsidizing the incremental cost over the cost of petroleum diesel.  An important lesson of the project was that all parties involved should discuss and agree on fuel use and cost documentation requirements before beginning the fuel switch.


Total Cost:  $11,110 (100% grant funded)  



With program management and administrative support from Virginia Clean Cities, Gloucester County Public Schools (GCPS) replaced five 16 – 17 year old diesel school buses with propane school buses meeting 2010 emission standards.   This was the first propane bus program in Virginia and it was part of the larger Clean School Bus USA Middle Peninsula Project.
bus photo

 Gloucester County Public Schools lifetime emission reductions & fuel savings


Total Cost:  $448,836 ($227,481 grant funding)


According to GCPS School Board Chairperson, Anne Burruss, "The positive impact on cost savings, morale of both drivers and students, the benefits realized from a safety standpoint are major plusses in our purchase of the propane buses ... As a School Board member, it was and continues to be, a source of great pride in being first in the Commonwealth of Virginia for these vehicles to be in a school bus fleet." 

MARAMA supported this project with a grant from the the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), funding 50 percent of the bus purchase cost plus 100 percent of the cost of  diagnostic equipment and parts to assist in servicing the new propane buses.  Gloucester County Public Schools provided the remaining funding.